CV-22B Osprey

CV-22B Osprey


The CV-22 is the Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) variant of the U.S. Marine Corps MV-22 Osprey. The CV-22’s mission is to conduct long-range infiltration, exfiltration and resupply missions for special operations forces.


Like the MV-22 Osprey, the CV-22 is a tiltrotor aircraft that combines the vertical takeoff, hover, and vertical landing qualities of a helicopter with the long-range, fuel efficiency and speed characteristics of a turboprop aircraft. Those capabilities give this versatile, self-deployable aircraft the capability to conduct missions that would normally require both fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft.

The CV-22 is equipped with integrated threat countermeasures, terrain-following radar, forward-looking infrared sensor, and other advanced avionics systems that allow it to operate at low altitude in adverse weather conditions and medium- to high-threat environments.

The first two test aircraft were delivered to Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., in September 2000. The 58th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland AFB, NM began CV-22 aircrew training with the first two production aircraft in August 2006. The first operational CV-22 was delivered to Air Force Special Operations Command in January 2007. Initial operational capability was achieved in 2009. A total of 54 CV-22 aircraft are scheduled to be delivered by the end of 2021, although two have been stricken from the AF inventory.


Primary Function: special operations long-range infiltration, exfiltration and resupply.

Contractor: Strategic Alliance Between Bell Helicopter Textron Inc., Amarillo, Texas and The Boeing Company, Defense and Space Group, Helicopter Division, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Propulsion: Two Rolls-Royce AE1107C engines, more than 6,200 shaft horsepower per engine.

Length: 63 feet

Wingspan: 84 feet 7 inches (25.8 meters)

Height: 22 feet, 1 inch (6.73m).

Rotary diameter: 38 feet (11.6 meters)

Maximum vertical takeoff weight: 52,870 pounds (23,982 kilograms)

Maximum rolling takeoff weight: 60,500 pounds (27,443 kilograms)

Armament: one .50 Cal Machine gun on ramp

Airspeed: Cruise: 277 mph (241 knots) cruising speed

Ceiling: 25,000 feet (7,620 meters).

Range: combat radius of 500 nautical miles with one internal auxiliary fuel tank

Payload: 24 troops (seated), 32 troops (floor loaded) or 10,000 pounds of cargo

Crew: four (pilot, copilot and two flight engineers)

Program Status


Production Phase: Production and Sustainment

Inventory: active duty, 50; reserve, 0; ANG, 0

Achieved Initial Operational Capabilities (IOC) date: 2009

Projected Full Operational Capabilities (FOC) date: 2024


Updated June 2018