The Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) is a long range, subsonic cruise missile used for deep land attack warfare, launched from U. S. Navy surface ships and U.S. Navy and United Kingdom Royal Navy submarines.
The Tomahawk Block III Conventional variant (TLAM-C) contains a 1,000-lb class blast/fragmentary unitary warhead while the Submunition variant (TLAM-D) includes a submunitions dispenser with combined effect bomblets. The Tomahawk Block IV (Tactical Tomahawk, TLAM-E), conventional variant, which entered the Fleet in 2004, adds the capability to reprogram the missile while in-flight via two-way satellite communications to strike any of 15 pre-programmed alternate targets or redirect the missile to any Global Positioning System (GPS) target coordinates.
The Block IV missile is capable of loitering over a target area in order to respond to emerging targets or, with its on-board camera, provide battle damage information to warfighting commanders. Tomahawk Block IV is currently in Full Rate Production (FRP). Block IV’s will require mid-life recertification beginning in FY19, increasing the capabilities and extending service life. During recertification, upgrades to navigation and communication systems will be completed. Plans for a maritime strike capability are in development, this enhancement would be executed concurrently with recertification.
Tomahawk provides on-scene commander with the flexibility to attack long-range fixed targets or support Special Operations Forces with a lethal, responsive, precision weapon system and as such has become the weapon of choice for the U.S. Department of Defense.
Tomahawk cruise missiles are designed to fly at extremely low altitudes at high subsonic speeds, and are piloted over an evasive route by several mission tailored guidance systems. The first operational use was in Operation Desert Storm, 1991, with immense success. Since January 1991, more than 2,000 Tomahawks have been fired in combat operations, including in 2011 during Operation Odyssey Dawn in Libya and in 2014 during Operation Inherent Resolve in Syria.
Primary Function: Long-range subsonic cruise missile for striking high value or heavily defended land targets.
Contractor: Raytheon Missile Systems Company, Tucson, AZ
Date Deployed: Block II TLAM-A IOC - 1984
Block III - IOC 1993
Block IV - IOC 2004
Unit Cost: Approximately $1.09M (FY16$)
Propulsion: Block II/III TLAM-A, C & D - Williams International F107 cruise turbo-fan engine; ARC/CSD solid-fuel booster
-Block IV TLAM-E - Williams International F415 cruise turbo-fan engine; ARC MK 135 Rocket Motor Assembly
Length: 20.3 feet
Diameter: 21 inches
Wingspan: 8 feet 6 inches
Weight: 3,330 lbs. with rocket motor
- Block III TLAM-C - 900 nautical miles (1000 statute miles, 1600 km)
- Block III TLAM-D - 700 nautical miles (800 statute miles, 1250 km)
- Block IV TLAM-E - 900 nautical miles (1000 statute miles, 1600 km)
Guidance System: Block II TLAM-A - INS, TERCOM
-Block III TLAM-C, D & Block IV TLAM-E - INS, TERCOM, DSMAC, and GPS
Warhead: Block II TLAM-N - W80 nuclear warhead
- Block III TLAM-C and Block IV TLAM-E - 1,000-pound class unitary warhead
- Block III TLAM-D - conventional submunitions dispenser with combined effect bomblets
Tactical Tomahawk Block IV
ACAT: ACAT IC
Production Phase: Production & Sustainment
Tactical Tomahawk Block III